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Australia's beef exports face trade barriers in a number of countries.

This border protection commonly takes the form of tariffs and/or tariff rate quotas. A tariff is a duty (or tax) levied on goods transported from one customs area to another. A tariff rate quota is a quantity limit on imports below which a reduced or in-quota tariff is charged on imports. Where imports exceed the tariff rate quota the level of imports above the limit are charged a higher or above-quota tariff.

Tariffs and quotas applicable (selected markets) to Australian beef in 2020 are as follows:


2020 applied tariff / quota
(where applicable)
Canada 35,000 tonne quota
In quota tariff: 0%
Over quota tariff: 13.2%
Under CPTPP over quota base tariff of 26.5% eliminated by
1 January 2023
Chile 0% Under Australia-Chile FTA base tariff of 6% eliminated
China 4.8%
179,687 tonne safeguard with 12% over safeguard tariff
Under ChAFTA base tariffs of 12-25% eliminated by 1 January 2024
European Union 7,150 tonne ‘Hilton’ quota
In quota tariff: 20%
Over quota tariff: 12.8% + 141.4 -304.1 €/100kg

Shared access to 26,500 tonne grainfed beef quota
In quota tariff: 0%
Over quota tariff: 12.8% + 141.4 -304.1 € /100kg

A-EU FTA negotiations in progress



Access shared with Uruguay, Argentina, New Zealand

Hong Kong 0% Under Hong Kong-Australia FTA base tariff bound at 0%
Indonesia 0-5% Under AANZFTA base tariff of up to 5% eliminated for most tariff lines by 1 January 2020

IA-CEPA yet to be ratified by Indonesia
Japan JAEPA: 28.2% chilled; 26.4% frozen (effective 1 April 2020)

CPTPP: 25.8% chilled / frozen beef tariffs (effective 1 April 2020)

613,600t CPTPP safeguard (all eligible CPTPP members); 39% safeguard tariff
Under JAEPA 38.5% base tariff on frozen beef to reduce to 19.5% by 1 April 2031, and 38.5% base tariff on chilled beef to reduce to 23.5% by 1 April 2028

Under CPTPP both chilled and frozen beef base tariffs reduce to 9% by 1 April 2033

Note: tariff preference is now derived via CPTPP rather than JAEPA
Korea 21.3% tariff
174,087t safeguard; 30% safeguard tariff
Under KAFTA 40% base tariff eliminated by 1 January 2028
Malaysia 0% Under AANZFTA & MAFTA base tariffs bound at 0%
Mexico 14% chilled; 18% frozen

Under CPTPP both 20% chilled and 25% frozen beef base tariffs eliminated by 1 January 2027
New Zealand 0% Under CER base tariffs bound at 0%
Peru 11-17% Under CPTPP 11-17% base tariff eliminated within 10 years

Under PAFTA 11-17% base tariff eliminated within 5 years
Philippines 0% Under AANZFTA base tariffs bound at 0%
Russia Shared access to 11,000 tonne chilled and 407,000 tonne frozen beef quotas
In quota tariff: 15%
Over quota tariff: 50%
High Quality Beef exempted from quota: 15% tariff
Access to Russia currently suspended
Singapore 0% Under SAFTA base tariffs bound at 0%
Taiwan NT $10/kg -
Thailand 0%
1,536.43 tonne safeguard with 50% over safeguard tariff

Under TAFTA 50% base tariff eliminated on 1 January 2020
Safeguard removed 1 January 2021

In 2020 AANZFTA is a more favourable option for exporters and importers of products - as no safeguard provision.

USA 433,214 tonne quota
In quota tariff: 0%
Over quota tariff: 7.04%
Under AUSFTA US4.4c/kg in-quota tariff eliminated and quota increases to 448,214 tonnes by 2022

Over quota tariff eliminated by 1 January 2022
Vietnam 0% Under AANZFTA 10% base tariff eliminated

Note: as tariff rates and quotas can alter, reference should also be made to DFAT’s FTA Portal as well as the tariff schedules available from the relevant authority in the country of interest.

AANZFTA: ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area
A-EUFTA: Australia-European Union Free Trade Agreement
AUSFTA: Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement
CER: Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations
CPTPP: Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership
ChAFTA: China-Australia Free Trade Agreement
IA-CEPA: Indonesia-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement
KAFTA: Korea-Australia Free Trade Agreement
MAFTA: Malaysia-Australia Free Trade Agreement
PAFTA: Peru-Australia Free Trade Agreement
SAFTA: Singapore-Australia Free Trade Agreement
TAFTA: Thailand-Australia Free Trade Agreement