India leading global beef exports
06 December 2016
2016 has witnessed the return of India as the global leader in beef (and buffalo meat) exports. Australia was the largest beef exporter in 2015, amid a year of near record production (just shy of the 2014 peak) and strong global demand, however shipments have since declined following the departure from drought and early signs of a herd rebuild.
The figure below illustrates beef exports of the four major players during the first nine months of 2016. At a time when Australian exports have been constrained by supplies, US beef exports have increased on the back of quickly growing production, while Brazil has expanded exports following regained market access to China and Saudi Arabia.
Indian export growth has been underpinned by a 31% increase in shipments to Vietnam – the supplier’s single largest market, receiving just shy of 400,000 tonnes swt during the January to September period.
As illustrated in the figure below, other major markets for Indian buffalo have recorded mixed results so far this year. Exports to Egypt have increased 12% year-on-year, to 107,000 tonnes swt between January and September, while shipments to Malaysia have declined 10%, to 96,000 tonnes swt.
One major development has been the 9,864 tonnes swt (across August and September) exported to Indonesia, with the Indonesian government subsequently issuing permits to import additional Indian buffalo meat in coming months.
Indian buffalo is very price competitive on the global stage, being the cheapest large supplier of frozen commodity beef. During the September quarter, the average export unit value for boneless frozen buffalo was A$3.91/kg (FOB) – well below comparable product from Brazil (A$5.17/kg), Australia (A$6.05/kg) and the US (A$7.13/kg).
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