At the request of the Cattle Council of Australia, a review of the literature related to maximising the eating quality of beef while meeting transport regulations was undertaken. There exist conflicting industry standards and regulations. The review of the currently available science, regulations and industry practices is summarised and compared such that industry can move forward with industry negotiations in setting policy to manage practices which will comply with transport legislation and optimise beef eating quality. Maximising the eating quality of beef needs to be examined in the context of not only effluent management, animal welfare and driver fatigue but also its links with food safety, carcase yield, biosecurity and public perceptions. Although the science to support a single "best practice" in all these areas is not totally comprehensive and therefore not definitive, there is sufficient scientific evidence to better understand the numerous factors affecting meat quality so as to arrive at improved industry practices. These pre-transport, during transport and post-transport management practices include managing the known risks, feed and water curfews, containment of effluent on livestock transports and dealing with transport 'hot-spots'.