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The effect of oestradiol and trenbolone acetate combination implants on beef eating quality

Project start date: 01 May 2014
Project end date: 30 June 2017
Publication date: 13 December 2016
Project status: Completed
Livestock species: Grainfed cattle
Relevant regions: National
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The Meat Standards Australia Australia (MSA) beef grading model applies a variable penalty for different cuts for Hormonal Growth Promotant (HGP) treated carcasses but does not differentiate between different HGP types. Using 300 non implanted Bos indicus/Bos taurus composite steers an experiment was conducted to compare the effects on eating quality in the mm. longissimus dorsi (LD) and gluteus medius (GM) muscles of an oestradiol only (OES) and a combination trenbolone acetate with oestradiol (TBA+OES) implant with non-implanted animals (CON) fed a concentrate ration for 73 days prior to slaughter. Sensory and objective LD and GM samples were aged for either 5 or 35 days before freezing at -20°C. Carcass weights from each group were significantly different (P<0.05). Corrected for carcase weight, both hgp treatments had a significant effect on hump height, ossification score, marble score, p8 fat depth and eye muscle area. The tba+oes treatment resulted in significantly tougher meat than the oes and con treatments as assessed by shear force (p><0.05), although this difference was reduced with aging. sensory scores (tenderness, juiciness, like flavour, overall liking and a composite mq4 score) confirmed a negative hgp treatment effect, whereby tba+oes was significantly lower than the con and oes groups after 5 days of aging, and these differences were reduced through aging. tba+oes had a greater impact on sensory scores in the ld when compared to the gm. 

Both hgp treatments increased calpastatin activity, and the tba+oes group was significantly different to the con and oes groups (p><0.05). it was concluded that oes and tba+oes implants have different impacts on meat eating quality measurements, which could have important implications for the australian and international beef industry.

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Project manager: Jessira Perovic
Primary researcher: Eli Lilly Australia