Beef

Australia's beef exports face trade barriers in a number of countries. This border protection commonly takes the form of tariffs and/or tariff rate quotas. A tariff is a duty (or tax) levied on goods transported from one customs area to another.

A tariff rate quota is a quantity limit on imports below which a reduced or in-quota tariff is charged on imports. Where imports exceed the tariff rate quota the level of imports above the limit are charged a higher or above-quota tariff.

Quotas/tariffs: 2015

Country

Bound tariff*

Quota/applied tariff

Canada (above quota)

26.5%

35,000 tonne quota (calendar year)
In quota: 0%; above quota: 26.5%

China

18.6%

12 - 25% (0% within 9 years following entry into force of ChAFTA on 20 December 2015)

European Union

100%**

7,150 tonne quota (fiscal year)
In quota: 20%;above quota: 12.8% + 141.4-304.1 Euro/100kg

 European Union grainfed beef  0%

Shared access to  48,200 tonne quota
In quota: 0%

Indonesia

50%

0-5% (0% for most tariff lines by 2020 under AANZFTA)

Japan

50%

28.5% for frozen beef

31.5% for chilled beef

(Under JAEPA, tariffs on frozen Australian beef entering Japan will fall from 38.5% to 19.5% over 18 years, and chilled beef tariffs will fall from 38.5% to 23.5% over 15 years)

Mexico

45%

20% - 25%

Philippines

40%

0% (eliminated under AANZFTA)

Russia

55%

Shared access to 11,000 tonne chilled beef and 407,000 tonne frozen beef quotas (calendar year)
In quota: 15% above quota: 50%
High Quality Beef exempted from quotas: 15% duty

South Korea

40%

34.7% (will be eliminated under KAFTA)

Taiwan ('other quality' beef)

29%**

NT $10/kg

Thailand

51%

13.33% ( previous 51% tariff will be eliminated under TAFTA)

US (above quota)

26.4%

418,214 tonne quota
(expanding to 448,214 tonnes by 2022 under AUSFTA)
In quota: 0% previous 26.4% above quota tariff now 21.12%
(will be eliminated by 2022 under AUSFTA)

*Bound tariffs are those agreed to under GATT or WTO. They represent commitments not to increase tariffs above the listed rates - the rates are "bound".
** Estimated tariff equivalent (average across tariff lines)

ChAFTA = China-Australia FTA; JAEPA = Japan-Australia Economic partnership Agreement; KAFTA = Korea-Australia FTA; AANZFTA = ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA; TAFTA = Thailand-Australia FTA; AUSFTA = Australia-US FTA

As tariff rates and quotas can alter, reference should also be made to the tariff schedules available from the relevant authority in the country of interest.

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