Australia's sheepmeat exports face barriers to trade in a number of countries. This border protection commonly takes the form of tariffs and / or tariff rate quotas.

A tariff is a duty (or tax) levied on goods transported from one customs area to another.

A tariff rate quota is a quantity limit on imports below which a reduced or in-quota tariff is charged on imports. Where imports exceed the tariff rate quota the level of imports above the limit are charged a higher or above-quota tariff.

Sheepmeat/tariffs: 2018


Applied tariff


China 10% Under China-Australia FTA (2015) 12-23% tariffs eliminated by 2023
European Union In quota: 0%;
Out of quota: 12.8% + 90.2-311.8 €/100 kg
19,186 tonne quota (carcase weight equivalent)
India 30% -
Japan 0% Reaffirmed as 0% under Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement
Korea 11.2% Under Korea-Australia FTA, 22.5% tariff eliminated by 2023
Mexico 10% Potential elimination under Trans-Pacific Partnership
Gulf Cooperation Council 0-5% -
Papua New Guinea 0% -
Russia 15% -
South Africa 40% or 2 RAND/kg, whichever is higher -
Taiwan 15% or NT$11.3/kg, whichever is higher -
Thailand 0% Under Thailand-Australia FTA 32% tariff eliminated
USA - lamb 0% Under Australia-USA FTA US0.7c/kg tariff eliminated
USA - mutton 0% Under Australia-USA FTA US2.8c/kg tariff eliminated

As tariff rates and quotas can alter, reference should also be made to the tariff schedules available from the relevant authority in the country of interest.

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