Australia's sheepmeat exports face barriers to trade in a number of countries. This border protection commonly takes the form of tariffs and / or tariff rate quotas.
A tariff is a duty (or tax) levied on goods transported from one customs area to another.
A tariff rate quota is a quantity limit on imports below which a reduced or in-quota tariff is charged on imports. Where imports exceed the tariff rate quota the level of imports above the limit are charged a higher or above-quota tariff.
|China||10%||Under China-Australia FTA (2015) 12-23% tariffs eliminated by 2023|
|European Union||In quota: 0%;
Out of quota: 12.8% + 90.2-311.8 €/100 kg
|19,186 tonne quota (carcase weight equivalent)|
|Japan||0%||Reaffirmed as 0% under Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement|
|Korea||13.5%||Under Korea-Australia FTA, 22.5% tariff eliminated by 2023|
|Mexico||10%||Potential elimination under Trans-Pacific Partnership|
|Gulf Cooperation Council||0-5%||-|
|Papua New Guinea||0%||-|
|South Africa||40% or 2 RAND/kg, whichever is higher||-|
|Taiwan||15% or NT$11.3/kg, whichever is higher||-|
|Thailand||0%||Under Thailand-Australia FTA 32% tariff eliminated|
|USA - lamb||0%||Under Australia-USA FTA US0.7c/kg tariff eliminated|
|USA - mutton||0%||Under Australia-USA FTA US2.8c/kg tariff eliminated|
As tariff rates and quotas can alter, reference should also be made to the tariff schedules available from the relevant authority in the country of interest.
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